Major Happenings in Science by Vijaya Khandurie
Great science fiction writer Isaac Asimov was born on 2 January 1920. Every science-loving person knows about Asimov. But how many of you have heard about Nil Ratan Dhar, an Indian chemist, who was also born on 2 January 1892 – twenty eight years before Asimov was born? • In a computer laboratory at a satellite campus of the University of Central Missouri, a new Mersenne Prime Number is discovered on 7 January 2016 which is 274,207,281 – 1, i.e. 2 to the power of 72,207,281 minus 1! (you know 2 to the power 5 is 32). This number is not divisible by any positive integer except 1 and itself. The previous largest was 257,885,161 – 1, which has a mere 17 million or so digits. Mersenne primes are those that can be written in the form 2n – 1 where n is an integer. They are named after Marin Mersenne, a French theologian and mathematician who studied them in the early 17th century. • 12 October 1999 was celebrated as the Day of 6 Billion, since the 6 billion figure of human population was reached on that day. According to the United Nations, world population reached 7 Billion on October 31, 2011 and it is expected to reach 8 billion in the spring of 2024. These are few examples that help you understand how interesting is history of science which takes you to past and gives prediction of future happenings.
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